Sudbury Forklift Training - Sudbury City is located in Northern Ontario, and is the most populous city within the region, with more than 157,000 individuals. The area of Greater Sudbury is a municipality which was just recently created. During the year 2001, the cities and towns of the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury, and some previously unincorporated geographic townships, merged to become Greater Sudbury. By land area, it is the biggest city in Ontario, and the 7th largest municipality by area within the country.
Greater Sudbury constitutes its own independent census division, and is not part of any district, county or regional municipality. Only four other cities in Ontario have this status: Toronto, Ottawa, Kawartha Lakes and Hamilton.
Sudbury has a colourful labour past as a mill and mining town. The city's mine workers effectively established a union in 1944, with the certification of the Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers Local 598. Two companies, Inco and Falconbridge, tried to destabilize the union by setting up their own puppet unions, the Falconbridge Workers Council and the United Copper Nickel Workers Union that the workers called "Nickel Rash". The workers rejected these puppet unions. The very first mine workers' strike happened in the year 1958 following several years of unrest. Smaller strikes likewise happened during the late 1960s.
Despite the presence of huge nickel deposits in the area, the city has had challenges reaping economic benefits because of taxation barriers. Prior to the creation of the Regional Municipality of Sudbury in 1973, the city was not allowed to levy taxes against the mining businesses, whose facilities were located within outlying company towns, like Coniston, Copper Cliff, Frood Mine and Falconbridge. Sudbury attempted to solve the issue by annexing the company towns, but the Ontario Municipal Board always denied the city's requests.
Sudbury's ability to directly levy municipal taxes on the mining companies is severely limited compared to other cities whose main employers operate within different trades. The local newspaper once called the city of Sudbury "a city without a city's birthright," due to this taxation injustice. Nonetheless, mining remains a vital industry within Sudbury.
The city of Sudbury has managed to overcome these challenges to create a diversified economy, by creating a centre of commerce, government, tourism and research. Sudbury City's largest single company has for a long time been the Vale nickel mine. Then again, the proportion of residents employed by Vale has declined from 25% during the 1970s to less than five per cent of the city's labor force these days. The mining trade is currently outranked by education, health care, hospitality services, public administration, retail trade and mining machinery manufacturing.
Though Sudbury City is still the site of labour issues - like for instance, a recent strike at Vale lasted from the summer of the year 2009 to the summer of 2010 - they tend to have minimal effect on Sudbury City's financial system than before.